Cricket is a batting game played between two teams of eleven players on an oval-shape field. At the centre of the field, there is a 20-metre- pitch with a wicket at each end, each comprising two bails balanced on three stumps. From the, the bowler (pitcher) bowls the ball to the other team’s striker (batter).
Cricket equipment and protective gear are strictly regulated by the laws of cricket to prevent injury caused by the ball.
Basic protective gear is listed below:
- Helmets with a visor are worn by batsmen and fielders on strike to protect their heads.
- Leg pads are worn by batsmen, fielders and wicket-keeper to protect the shin bone against impact from the ball.
- Gloves, thigh guard, arm guards, chest guard, elbow guards and thickly padded above the fingers and on the thumb of the hand for batsmen to protect their body when bowling.
- Wicket-keeper’s gloves includes webbing between the thumb and index fingers to protect their hands while catching the ball.
- Cricket ball has a circumference of 9.1 inch with a cork base, wrapped in twine covered with leather.
- Bat is made of wood and has a handle where the batsman holds the bat. The bat is about 38 inches (96.5 cm) long, 4.25 inches (10.8 cm) wide and weigh from 1 kg to 2.5 kg. The front of the bat is flat and the back has a slender curve to give the bat thickness and balance.
- Stumps is a three upright wooden poles of height 28 inches. The bottom part is in conical shape and the top end has a horizontal groove across.
- Bails are two wooden crosspieces, placed on top of the stumps to form the wicket.
- Sight screen is the screen placed outside of the boundary which aligned exactly parallel to the width of the pitch and behind both pairs of wickets for better visibility.
- Boundary is a thick white rope which demarcates the perimeter of the field.
Interesting Facts about Cricket Equipment
- A cricket bat is made traditionally from the Kashmir or English willow wood which is famous for its lightness and toughness.
- Cricket bat has three parts: the grip, the handle and the blade. A new cricket bat should be rubbed with linseed oil for tougher hitting surface.
- A cricket ball weighs around 5 and a half ounces.